Minister of Energy and Mines Bill Bennett calls electricity the ‘backbone of our economy,’ continuing on to say, “this new line will provide clean power and help to enable further economic development in the south Peace region that will create jobs and strengthen communities.”Construction of the $296-million project began in 2013. About 11,000 residential, business and industrial customers are being served by the new line.“This is good news for our region. It means a growing economy and more jobs. In fact, construction of the line created 100 jobs,” said Mike Bernier, MLA for Peace River South. PRINCE GEORGE, B.C. — Premier Christy Clark announced the completion of the new 230-kilovolt Dawson Creek-Chetwynd Area Transmission line, to provide clean electricity, earlier today.The new line consists of two portions running from Dawson Creek to the Chetwynd area. The first portion is a 12-kilometre stretch from the existing substation near Dawson Creek to the Bear Mountain Terminal. From Bear Mountain, the second portion stretches to the Sundance Lakes substation – 19 kilometres east of Chetwynd.“Powering jobs for British Columbians is ‘what the Dawson Creek-Chetwynd Area Transmission line is all about,” said Premier Clark. “Before, industrial customers had to burn gas to power their facilities. The new transmission line not only makes more projects possible, it means they’ll be even cleaner.”- Advertisement -BC Hydro says the growth in electricity demand in the south Peace is being driven by natural gas exploration and the development in the Montney shale gas deposits.“This line doubles the amount of power we can provide to the region. We know it’s a growing region and BC Hydro needs to be one step ahead and ensure we can get power to where it is needed most,” said BC Hydro’s president and CEO, Jessica McDonald.“We want industry in B.C. to use clean power that comes from BC Hydro’s hydroelectric facilities.”Advertisement
January 6, 2020
0Shares0000Manchester United’s Belgian forward Romelu Lukaku in action against PSG © AFP / Anne-Christine POUJOULATBRUSSELS, Belgium, Mar 15 – Belgium could be without Romelu Lukaku despite being picked in Roberto Martinez’s 28-man squad for their upcoming Euro 2020 qualifiers against Russia and Cyprus, after the Manchester United striker picked up a foot injury this week.Lukaku, who may not travel for United’s FA Cup quarter final this weekend, is another headache for Martinez, who also has to deal with the absences of Manchester City’s Kevin De Bruyne and Vincent Company, and Borussia Dortmund midfielder Axel Witsel. However he can count on Eden Hazard, Real Madrid goalkeeper Thibaut Courtois, Jan Vertonghen and Dries Mertens for the two fixtures.Belgium will host Russia on Thursday before travelling to Cyprus on March 24.The 28-man squad to face Russia and Cyprus:Goalkeepers: Thibaut Courtois (Real Madrid/ESP), Simon Mignolet (Liverpool/ENG), Koen Casteels (Wolfsburg/GER), Matz Sels (Strasbourg/FRA)Defenders: Toby Alderweireld (Tottenham Hotspur/ENG), Dedryck Boyata (Celtic/SCO), Thomas Vermaelen (Barcelona/ESP), Jan Vertonghen (Tottenham Hotspur/ENG), Thomas Meunier (PSG/FRA), Timothy Castagne (Atalanta/ITA), Jason Denayer (Lyon/FRA), Brandon Mechele (Club Bruges/BEL)Midfielders: Mousa Dembele (Guangzhou R&F/CHN), Yannick Carrasco (Dalian Yifang/CHN), Nacer Chadli (Monaco/FRA), Youri Tielemans (Leicester City/ENG), Adnan Januzaj (Real Sociedad/ESP), Leander Dendoncker (Wolverhampton Wanderers/ENG), Dennis Praet (Sampdoria/ITA), Hans Vanaken (Club Bruges/BEL)Forwards: Eden Hazard (Chelsea/ENG), Romelu Lukaku (Manchester United/ENG), Dries Mertens (Napoli/ITA), Michy Batshuayi (Crystal Palace/ENG), Divock Origi (Liverpool/ENG), Thorgan Hazard (Borussia Moenchengladbach/GER), Leandro Trossard (Genk/BEL), Christian Benteke (Crystal Palace/ENG).0Shares0000(Visited 5 times, 1 visits today)
December 25, 2019
Jackie Crossan Premier Division Reports 03/02/2013Clonmany Shamrocks 2-2 Moville CelticMoville got off to a dream start in the opening minute after a loose ball broke to PJ Barr and he fired a stunning twenty five yards effort to the top corner past keeper Michael Devlin.Devlin done well then on 14 minutes to claw away a Joe Doherty free which looked destined for the top corner.Clonmany grew into the game with John Grant finding Steve Harkin with a crossfield pass and when he crossed Jason Devlin saw his close range volley brilliantly saved by Sean McGuinness.Clonmany equalised on the stroke of half time when Jason Devlin saw his effort parried by McGuinness and with Marty Doherty ready to pounce he was pushed allowing keeper Michael Devlin to make the long run up the field to convert the penalty.On the stroke of half time Harkin fed Doherty on the edge of the area and he curled an effort just past the angle of the post and bar.Moville created the first chance of the second half when Shaun Doherty released Nigel McMonagle but he fired just past the far post as keeper Devlin advanced.Clonmany went very close on 56 minutes after Marty Doherty fed Harkin whose shot was parried by McGuinness before Alan Orr made an amazing goal line clearance.Play swung to the other end but Joe Doherty’s effort was saved by Devlin. Clonmany’s Paul Mclaughlin was inches away with an audacious attempted chip from half way which had McGuinness scrambling backwards before the same player beat a defender but curled his effort just wide.Moville thought they had won it when they had retaken the lead on 82 minutes after substitute Ryan McClenaghan had collected a clearance and his cross shot sailed over Devlin in the home goal.But Clonmany hit back and with three minutes remaining claimed a point when Marty Doherty despatched a free kick from the edge of the area past the wall and into the bottom corner. Glengad United 2-1 Aileach FC Played in windy conditions at the Crua the home side had the advantage in the opening period but struggled to take advantage.On 15 minutes Patrick McDermott flashed a free kick narrowly wide before five minutes later John McDaid fired a superb free kick past Conor Carlin from twenty yards on the half hour.They increased their lead just before the interval when another free kick by Paul McLaughlin found the net despite Carlin getting a hand to it.Aileach then got a goal back on the hour mark when Gavin Doherty headed past Martin McLaughlin following a corner.Aileach exerted a bit of pressure then and forced a few corners but the home home defence stood firm.With Aileach pushing the gaps started to appear and when McDaid released McLaughlin he fired over the top.McDaid then released John G McLaughlin but he too fired wide. Carn FC 4-1 Culdaff FC The home side started this game much the better with Adam Byrne firing over from twenty five yards before Gerard McEleney headed a Matthew Byrne corner over the top.They took the lead on 15 minutes after a Michael Byrne through ball deflected off a defender into the path of Shane Doherty who fired low past Darragh McLaughlin from sixteen yards.Culdaff replied and Brian McGonigle headed over from a corner before at the other end Cathal Doherty fired wide when well placed.Carn increased their lead on 33 minutes when Shane Doherty fed Daniel McLaughlin to beat two defenders before he drilled past McLaughlin from fifteen yards.Culdaff upped the tempo before the break with Brendan McLaughlin shooting wide from a good position before he fed Conor O Brien but his low effort was well saved by Gerard Crossan.They started the second period well and reduced the deficit on 52 minutes when Mclaughlin’s inswinging free came off a defender past Crossan. But Carn hit back within minutes and after Michael Byrne threaded a ball through for McGonagle, and the home defence appealing in vain for offside, he ran clear to lob the advancing McLaughlin.Another Mclaughlin free broke to O Brien but he fired narrowly wide from twenty yards before Carn got a fourth on 65 minutes when Shane Doherty fed McGonagle and he fired low to the net from sixteen yards.Both substitute Matthew McLaughlin and Michael Byrne were off target with late efforts. Jackie Crossan Premier DivisionPPtsGlengad1129Redcastle1222Moville918Carn1017Aileach1115Culdaff1214Clonmany713Illies127Cockhill *120* points deductedINISHOWEN FOOTBALL LEAGUE: EVERY MATCH REPORT FROM THE JACKIE CROSSAN PREMIER LEAGUE was last modified: February 3rd, 2013 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:aileachcarnclonmanyculdaffGlengadINISHOWEN FOOTBALL LEAGUE: EVERY MATCH REPORT FROM THE JACKIE CROSSAN PREMIER LEAGEmoville
December 24, 2019
Drake and Purdue faced off in a scrimmage on Tuesday night before the Bulldogs and the Red Foxes competed head to head on Saturday to close the trip. Marist, which is picked to finish second in the preseason Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference coaches poll, defeated Drake in each of the three races (Varsity 4+, Varsity 8+, and 2nd Varsity 8+) on a 2,000-meter course on Lake Hartwell. Varsity 4+ 1. Marist – 8:27 2. Drake – 8:38Paige Prien (coxswain), Lindsay Finnell, Maddie Coffman, Melanie Dahlstrom, Ingrid McNeelyVarsity 8+ 1. Marist – 6:59 2. Drake – 7:16Liz Rambhia (coxswain), Jessica Rebischke, Sarah Frantik, Haley Abrams, Audrey Baumeister, Sarah Konopacki, Erica Thacker, Molly Packer, Abby Rundquist2nd Varsity+ 8 1. Marist – 7:30 2. Drake – 7:51Madeline Killian (coxswain), Julie Shipley, Sadie Gowans, Shelley Hunter, Lauren Bascio, Jocelyn Rimes, Ryli Smith, Mikaela Janes, Olivia Masterson Print Friendly Version “Marist is a really good team,” said head coach Charlie DiSilvestro. “They rowed really well and hard. I am proud of our team though who rowed well too and we took many positives from the entire week. However, we know we have a lot to work to do and improve on. Speed to gain.” Drake will have a break from competition before traveling to compete at Creighton on April 8. CLEMSON, S.C. – For the second straight year, the Drake University rowing team spent spring break on Lake Hartwell in Clemson, S.C. The Bulldogs battled cold and windy conditions during their week in South Carolina as the team was unable to row as much as they would have liked due to the weather conditions. However, Drake made the most of their time, completing several practice days and the Bulldogs raced against Purdue and fellow MAAC member, Marist. “I am very excited to have three weeks of practice time before Creighton,” DiSilvestro said. “It gives us chance to get some quality practice time, make adjustments and changes before racing Creighton in our annual spring race.”
December 18, 2019
With Hilde Schwab on her right, YvonneChaka Chaka makes her Crystal Awardacceptance speech.(Image: World Economic Forum) Chaka Chaka at the launch of the Proudto be campaign in Nairobi.(Image: Proud to be)MEDIA CONTACTS • Pru SmithRoll Back Malaria+41 22 791 4586• Princess of Africa Foundation+27 11 463 5986RELATED ARTICLES• SA songbird backs malaria fight• Malaria cases halved in SA• Defeating malaria ‘within reach’• Malaria-proof mosquito a reality• Roger Milla, Fifa give malaria the bootSource: World Health OrganisationSouth Africa’s Yvonne Chaka Chaka, popular singer-songwriter and Goodwill Ambassador for the Roll Back Malaria Partnership, has become the first African woman to receive the World Economic Forum‘s (WEF) Crystal Award.The award is given each year to successful artists who have used their art to “improve the state of the world”, according to the WEF.She was honoured along with French filmmaker, screenwriter and producer Luc Besson, and Japanese-American classical violinist Midori Gotō, founder of the Midori Foundation.Chaka Chaka received the award during the opening ceremony of the WEF’s 2012 annual meeting in Davos, Switzerland, from Hilde Schwab, co-founder of the Schwab Foundation for Social Entrepreneurs.Schwab – the wife of WEF founder Klaus Schwab – commended the singer for her tireless work for major global health issues affecting women and children, in particular malaria control through medication and the use of bed nets.She said: “For many years Yvonne Chaka Chaka has used her voice to draw attention to the causes that will change the lives of millions – from ending apartheid to improving maternal and child health. She has clearly understood her opportunities to do good and the access her powerful voice allows, through both song and conversation, to reach and influence those who can act.”Schwab said the WEF was honoured to name her as a Crystal Award laureate.Making a differenceThe Crystal Awards initiative arose from a suggestion by the American-born violinist and humanitarian Yehudi Menuhin, toKlaus Schwab 17 years ago.Since then the award has been given to those outstanding people who have made a difference in the world of arts and culture.Previous winners have included, amongst others, actors Richard Gere and Emma Thompson, the renowned cellist Yo-Yo Ma, tenor José Carreras, Senegalese singer Youssou N’Dour, and music legend Quincy Jones.Accepting the award, Chaka Chaka expressed her pleasure that global leaders have acknowledged that investing in health issues will positively affect economic growth.“You don’t have to be an economist to realise that if children stay healthy they can go to school and grow up to be productive members of their communities, their parents don’t have to miss work to look after them, and tough choices don’t have to be made between buying medicines or food,” she said. “And sick parents don’t have to miss work or worse still, leave their children orphans.”She stressed the importance of communication, information and education in the fight against global health challenges such as malaria.“Healthy people build healthy economies,” she said.Distinguished careerDuring her 27-year career, Chaka Chaka has shared the stage with stars such as Bono and Beyoncé.While he was imprisoned, former president Nelson Mandela wrote to her, saying that her music was sustaining him. Fittingly, her award marks the 20th anniversary of Mandela’s attendance at the 1992 WEF Davos meeting. In 2011Her recent documentary film, A Motherland Tour – A Journey of African Women, took her around the world to promote the successes of those engaged in the daily battle against HIV/Aids, tuberculosis and malaria.Towards the end of 2011 she teamed up with fellow Roll Back Malaria Goodwill Ambassador, Youssou N’Dour, to record Proud to Be, a song produced by Interpol to raise public awareness of the dangers posed by counterfeit medicines. The campaign was launched in Nairobi in October 2011.Chaka Chaka’s campaign against malaria – which, although preventable and curable, still kills over 2 000 children a day in Africa – began when a member of her band died from the disease in 2004.She became the first Goodwill Ambassador for the global Roll Back Malaria Partnership. She is also Unicef Goodwill Ambassador for Malaria in Africa, the UN Millennium Development Goals Envoy for Africa, and was chosen by Nelson Mandela as the first ambassador for his children’s fund.She has her own charity, the Princess of Africa Foundation.
December 18, 2019
Color is terrific the clips are truly. Color is good the clips are really secure when its in location. High quality is fair, it doesnt drop aside when your brush it. Had a mate minimize it in to blend with my individual hair and ive managed to pretty gently get the straightners on it and no damage.Excellent value cost, it truly is artificial hair but which is as anticipated. three stars for the reason that one of the grips does not get the job done at all. The rest of the grips do the job and it however retains to my hair but i’m likely to have to switch the defective grip. Continue to figuring out how to don it devoid of showing the line of the substance demonstrating but it is really enjoyable for a modify.My daughter enjoys this pink hair and it truly is so long and quite,.Key specs for 60cm Length One Piece Long Hair Piece Wig Straight Clip in Human Hair Extension Purple:60cm Length One Piece Long Hair Piece Wig Straight Clip in Human Hair Extension PurplePurple color give you a dreamlike feeling.It was made up of heat resistant material.The hair can’t be permed or dyed.It can be easy to wear with clips attached. Giving you more hair volume.Comments from buyers“Lovely thick long hair and good strong clips, *HONEST REVIEW* Good but not the Best, Absoultly love this. Colour is great the clips are really “The hair was great but just quite thick and major on my head didnt dress in it for long as my hair is alot thinner than the extensions.3 graduated items would look superior.It did consider all around about three weeks to arrive but arrived just in time for christmas and new a long time. The precise length and appears wonderful in my hair.Only down facet is that cus i have thin hair, you have to be cautious to include the major of the extensions-which i struggle with. So i tend to dress in a hat on:) so fantastic and well worth it.Color is terrific the clips are truly. Color is good the clips are really secure when its in location. High quality is fair, it doesnt drop aside when your brush it. 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The precise length and appears wonderful in my hair.Only down facet is that cus i have thin hair, you have to be cautious to include the major of the extensions-which i struggle with. So i tend to dress in a hat on:) so fantastic and well worth it.Excellent, a whole lot much better then i thought. Good for the cost and seriously long so i can trim it to my fashion.My daughter enjoys this pink hair and it truly is so long and quite,.Attractive thick long hair and superior robust clips. 60 i paid out for this i am more than happy to give it a five star evaluation. It was because of to get there between 5th and 15th august and arrived on third august so great provider and it was dispatched the day after i requested it. It is also a fantastic item, great firm grip clips even in my extremely fine hair, also really thick and extremely long and pretty and gentle and it doesn’t tangle easily. I would propose to any person and will almost certainly get the blue and purple much too. Update: i stand by the 5 stars i gave but it is really pretty weighty, i individually could not don it, i cut the clips off as they had been so fantastic and made use of them for my dreads, but continue to very fantastic if you can stand the bodyweight.*straightforward assessment* very good but not the best. This merchandise is a superior oneits quickly fitted into hair, excellent colour although would not blend effectively but i do have blonde hair so yeah, its effortless to inform its a extension as its to shiny to be genuine on the lookout hair but which is good its long and charming. I like this products but i am not in like with it its also thin for my hair but i have abnormally thick hair, i will be shopping for additional hair extensions just not these types as i am likely to use these with the new blonde types i am buying furthermore side they came a lot quicker than they reported they would they ended up due 21st-thirtieth july and arrived on the sixteenth. Hair feels tender but does appear out a bit and feels a bit itchy. So i am giving three stars based on my working experience but too someone with pink hair or with thinner hair they may possibly give 4-five starsgreat selling price*straightforward overview*.3 graduated items would look superior.Excellent, a whole lot much better then i thought. Good for the cost and seriously long so i can trim it to my fashion.*straightforward assessment* very good but not the best. This merchandise is a superior oneits quickly fitted into hair, excellent colour although would not blend effectively but i do have blonde hair so yeah, its effortless to inform its a extension as its to shiny to be genuine on the lookout hair but which is good its long and charming. I like this products but i am not in like with it its also thin for my hair but i have abnormally thick hair, i will be shopping for additional hair extensions just not these types as i am likely to use these with the new blonde types i am buying furthermore side they came a lot quicker than they reported they would they ended up due 21st-thirtieth july and arrived on the sixteenth. Hair feels tender but does appear out a bit and feels a bit itchy. So i am giving three stars based on my working experience but too someone with pink hair or with thinner hair they may possibly give 4-five starsgreat selling price*straightforward overview*.The hair was great but just quite thick and major on my head didnt dress in it for long as my hair is alot thinner than the extensions.That fantastic may well get extra in diverse colours. Prompt and efficient support.That fantastic may well get extra in diverse colours. Prompt and efficient support.
December 18, 2019
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest A hearing this week by the U.S. Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition & Forestry on H.R. 1599 addressed the controversy surrounding food labeling, specifically foods containing genetically modified organisms (GMOs).At the hearing the National Corn Growers Association (NCGA) urged the Senate to act quickly to pass a uniform, national food labeling standard, highlighting the safety of genetically modified ingredients and the importance of biotechnology.“NCGA and Congress agree: consumers should have access to food choices that are safe, nutritious, abundant and affordable,” said John Linder, Morrow County farmer and NCGA Trade Policy and Biotechnology Action Team Chair. “Congress, and only Congress, can now prevent a costly and confusing patchwork of state labeling laws from taking effect next year. The Senate must act now to avoid the negative consequences inaction will surely bring for consumers and farmers across the country.”At the hearing experts told the Committee that the overwhelming scientific consensus is that genetically modified organisms are safe for consumers and the environment. Experts also testified on the vital role biotechnology plays in modern agriculture, allowing farmers to produce higher yields on less land, using fewer pesticides and water, while reducing greenhouse gas emissions.“Today’s testimony underscored the fact that biotechnology is not only safe, but an important part of creating an efficient, affordable and reliable food chain. NCGA urges the Senate to move forward on common-sense legislation for a uniform, national food labeling standard,” Linder said.In July, legislation passed the House of Representatives with strong bipartisan support that would create uniform national food labeling standards. If the Senate does not follow suit, Vermont’s GMO labeling law will go into effect next July. Meanwhile, other states and localities have passed or are considering state-level labeling mandates. Such a patchwork of state and local laws will create upheaval in our national food supply, hurting consumers and farmers alike, NCGA argues.The Organic Consumers Association (OCA), however, is among a number of organizations strongly opposed to the food labeling measure.“Today’s hearing on H.R. 1599 made a total mockery of democracy. Of the eight witnesses allowed to testify, only one could be remotely considered as someone who represents the interests of consumers and public health. The other seven have ties to the biotech and corporate food industries, and were there to represent the interests of corporations, not people,” said Ronnie Cummins, international director of the OCA. “Today, we call on millions of American consumers to contact their elected officials with this message: If you vote against states’ rights, if you vote against truth and transparency in labeling, if you vote against the more than 90% of Americans who want mandatory, not voluntary, labeling of GMO foods, we will vote against you.”
December 16, 2019
Although it’s hardly a new technology, recent cyber-skirmishes and demands for better privacy online have put the anonymizing network the Tor Project in the spotlight, including a story earlier this month in The New York Times Magazine, a harbinger perhaps of mainstream adoption. Tor has been around for almost a decade, originally developed by the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory and now used by activists, dissidents, journalists, and well, anyone in order to protect the privacy of online activities. According to the Tor Project’s metrics, the network has had between 100,000 and 300,000 users per day over the course of the past few months.How Tor WorksTor protects its users from surveillance known as “traffic analysis.” Even if you encrypt your data, as the Tor website notes, traffic analysis can still reveal “a great deal about what you’re doing and, possible, what you’re saying” as it focuses on the header used for routing – something that discloses the source, the destination, the date and time, and the size of what’s being send. Related Posts A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Flaws in the System?According to a report this week in Wired, researchers at the University of Regensburg have found some vulnerabilities in the Tor network. “The attack doesn’t quite make a surfer’s activity an open book,” writes Wired’s John Borland, “but offers the ability for someone on the same local network – a Wi-Fi network provider, or an ISP working at law enforcement (or a regime’s) request, for example – to gain a potentially good idea of sites an anonymous surfer is viewing.” According to the research, someone could run the Tor network, monitor how certain sites appeared when accessed through Tor, and develop a database of this sort of “fingerprint.” Using pattern recognition software, it’s possible to glean a match (with about 55% certainty) between a source and destination.The article does add that there are some ways to help mitigate against this and muddy any results: requesting multiple sites at once, for example, would complicate the analysis. And with increasing attention to privacy issues – from the prying eyes of advertisers and governments alike – it’s unlikely that this research will discourage people from using the Tor Network. Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting audrey watters Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Tor obscures this traffic data. It works to anonymize your identity and activity by distributing your transactions over several places on the Internet, so that no single point can be linked to you or your destination – “a deliberately byzantine system of virtual tunnels that conceal the origins and destinations of data, and thus the identity of clients,” as The New York Times describes it. In other words, rather than taking a direct route from the source to destination, data on the Tor network takes a random pathway through several relays, so that no one can tell where the data came from, where it’s headed, or the complete path of the data. Each “hop” along the way is encrypted separately as well. Tor doesn’t solve all privacy problems online. (It doesn’t try to.) It doesn’t anonymize your visits to websites, prevent cookies or other tracking mechanisms, for example. But it does protect the traffic of your data along the way. Tags:#security#web 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market
December 3, 2019
Scientists have long marveled at the immaculately preserved fossils unearthed from ancient lake sediments in northeastern China. The former creatures—including fish, birds, small dinosaurs, and mammals—still sport the outlines of muscles, skin, and feathers thanks to the fine-grained volcanic ash that blanketed the carcasses and then hardened into rock. Now, new analyses of the remains show that the material that entombed the animals also killed them, overwhelming them in a hot cloud of ash akin to the one that destroyed the Roman city of Pompeii nearly 2000 years ago.The so-called Jehol fossils, named after a mythical land of Chinese folklore, date to between 120 million and 130 million years ago and are noteworthy in a number of ways. Besides their remarkable preservation, which even saved traces of delicate structures like air bladders in fish, researchers have often found an unexpected juxtaposition of creatures in the same layer of ancient lake sediment. Small dinosaurs such as Psittacosaurus and birds such as Confuciusornis lie next to fish, for example. Scientists have long speculated that this odd mix was a sign of mass catastrophe, says Baoyu Jiang, a sedimentologist at Nanjing University in China, but they weren’t sure how it could have occurred. Also a mystery, he notes, is how the relatively undamaged carcasses of land animals—especially those of birds, whose remains typically float and are fragile due to their light bones—ended up intact at the bottom of a lake.Now, Jiang and his colleagues have taken a closer look at the Jehol fossils—literally. Researchers have long noted that the remains of soft tissues were often sheathed in a thin, dark carbon-rich layer. But the team found that under the microscope, cells in the tissues of fossils from several sites had been blown open, and they had a charcoal-like appearance. In addition, the surfaces of bones often showed a distinct sort of cracking typically seen only when a living or freshly dead creature is exposed to intense heat, Jiang says. The postures of the Jehol fossils, with muscles and tendons contracted, is also a clue that the carcasses were exposed to extreme heat. But the fossils of fish don’t appear to show this heat-related damage.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Altogether, the evidence suggests that the land animals entombed in the ancient Chinese lakes were killed by a hot cloud of volcanic ash that then swept them into the lake, the researchers report today in Nature Communications. What is now northeastern China was rife with volcanic activity at the time, Jiang says. Although it’s possible that flying birds could have been overcome by poisonous volcanic gases and fallen directly into the ancient lakes, that doesn’t explain how the other nonaquatic animals got there, he says. It’s not likely that the carcasses were carried into the lakes by streams, Jiang explains, because that would have damaged the remains. Also, he notes, the fossils would have been surrounded by silt or mud rather than fine-grained volcanic ash. Although scientists had previously noted the Jehol fossils were surrounded by tiny bits of volcanic rock, they hadn’t linked the ash to the death of the creatures; they’d only suggested that the fine-grained material coincidentally rained down to blanket a normal lake-bottom accumulation of dead creatures, Jiang says.The evidence uncovered by Jiang and his colleagues “is very convincing,” says Janet Monge, an anthropologist at the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology who has studied the human remains unearthed at Pompeii. The Chinese fossils “have a very particular type of fracture pattern, a classic example of bone failure associated with extreme heat,” she notes. “I’ve never seen anything like it outside of Pompeii.”Previous studies have suggested the volcanic ash cloud that smothered the Roman city of Pompeii in 79 C.E. was probably about 400°C. But the heat damage to the bones in the Chinese fossils is superficial compared with that seen in the human remains unearthed at Pompeii, says Antoine Pierre-Olivier, a paleontologist at the Institute of Evolutionary Sciences of Montpellier in France. Therefore, he suggests, the ash cloud that doomed the Jehol biota was probably considerably cooler, maybe between 200°C and 300°C.The remarkable preservation of the Jehol fossils stems from “a perfect combination of factors,” Pierre-Olivier says—possibly because the lakes where the carcasses ended up were relatively far from the ancient, region-smothering eruptions. Because the ash cloud was relatively cool, it would not have incinerated the land animals caught in its path, and its reasonably slow speed would have allowed the carcasses to be transported and preserved intact. An extremely hot, turbulent cloud of ash near an eruption, on the other hand, would have left few, if any, fossils behind.